Cancer is among the most serious and most discussed forms of malady in the United States today, and various body parts can develop this disease, whether benign or malignant tumors or other growths. The brain, spine, lungs, intestines, and colon can develop cancer, along with the sex organs: the prostate, testicles, cervix, and breasts can also develop cancer. the good news is that clinical trials (and their results), cancer therapy, colon cancer treatment, and breast cancer therapy are all options for those afflicted with this condition.
Treating Breast Cancer
Breast cancer affects many women around the world every year, but breast cancer therapy and breast cancer treatment can make sure that this diagnosis is not a death sentence. According to Cancer, breast cancer therapy often begins with various starting points based on the cancer’s and patient’s nature. Genomic markers, the age, menopausal status, and general health of the patient, the tumor’s stage of development, and the presence or absence of mutations can alter and customized how breast cancer therapy proceeds.
Often, surgery is the route taken for dealing with this type of cancer. Not only will the surgeon remove the tumor itself, but also surrounding healthy tissue to quarantine the cancer cells and their spread to the removed tissue itself. However, microscopic cells may e left behind, and this may require later surgery in life to remove new cancerous growths, or just the cells themselves before they form growths. And if the tumor is large, then before surgery, chemotherapy or hormonal therapy may be used. This can make the surgery easier to perform, and women may have the option of trying new treatment by means of clinical trials of they take this route.
Adjuvant surgery make take place after the main surgery to remove microscopic cancer cells before they can form new growths, and this is often done by radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy, or chemotherapy. Doctors will often give the patients tests to determine whether adjuvant therapy is needed and what the chances are that the cells will form new cancerous growths later, as well as the risks of the surgery itself.
In other cases, the tumor may be inoperable, and will be shrunk by means of chemotherapy or radiation therapy. The former option of breast cancer therapy may be done by an oncologist, a doctor who specializes in cancer treatment with medication. The drugs being used are injected into the bloodstream, often through a needle or an IV, or even a swallowed pill. The regimen, or schedule, of chemotherapy means that treatment is cyclical and happens several times regularly in a specified time frame. Radiation therapy, meanwhile, uses X rays or other powerful forms of radiation to blast the tumor with particles. This form of breast cancer therapy can sometimes cause redness on the skin, swelling of the breast, or fatigue, or blistering of the skin.
According to Mayo Clinic, colon cancer treatment can begin even before symptoms present themselves. Adults are urged to get screened every so often for colon cancer, and the earlier it is found, the easier treatment can be. Often, a scope, or a flexible tube with a camera at its end, will be inserted into the patient’s rear, and the doctor can watch a video feed and check for any visible symptoms. If any are found, medical tools can remove a sample for analysis. Once a diagnosis is reached, it can be stage I, II, III< or IV, based on how far the cancer has spread. It may even spread well beyond the colon to other organs in the body.
A colonoscopy can remove a smaller, more local colon cancer case, and a partial colectomy is for larger cases. In this type of surgery, the affected part of the colon is removed, along with surrounding healthy tissue, to remove the cancer entirely, and the approach is minimally invasive. Nearby lymph nodes may also be removed and checked for cancer.